Registering of herds and animals was started up in 1998. Registering and marking of pigs, sheep and goats and creation of the register were started up at the end of 2000. The maintenance of the register databases is being financed by the state. Creation of the Milk producers register and maintenance of the register database was started up at the end of 2000 in order to provide a detailed record of the purchased milk from each milk producer according to the quantity and quality indicators. Maintenance of the milk producers register database is also being financed by the state. The different types of registers are intended to be used also in connection with national and EU support animals.
Register of herds and animals in Latvia is being maintained according to regulations of the Cabinet of Ministers No.712, dated December 16, 2003 "Regulations on registering of animals, herds and holding".
For marking of animals one has to order ear tags by filling in an ear-tag order form (separately for each kind of animals) and by stating the necessary number of ear-tags. The ear-tags order forms can be obtained at a certified controller. When filling in the ear-tags order form, the heard owner’s name must be indicated precisely as well as the name of the person who fills in the order form or pays for the order of the ear-tags. The ear-tags order form and a copy of the payment documents then shall be sent over to the Data Processing Centre. Information shall be entered into the database and the printed ear-tags, together with partly filled animal marking acts shall be sent to the herd owner.
Each herd and each animal (except finishing pig-stock) shall be attributed a single, unique number. Marking of animals with ear-tags can be done by a certified controller, heard owner who has a certificate or who is trained by a certified controller or veterinarian. The ear-tag must be inserted correctly, for cattle – in both ears in the middle third of the ear with the largest ear-tag side on the inside of ear, but for small animals according to instructions.
Animal marking act must be filled in when marking the animals. In the case of cattle marking the animal-marking act has to be sent to the regional centre within 14 days, where the data shall be entered and the information sent to the Data Processing Centre. In the case of marking of pigs, sheep and goats the animal-marking act has to be sent directly to the Data Processing Centre within 14 days.
When the information about the animal marking is received at the Data Processing Centre each bovine animal is given a bovine passport, which is sent to the owner of the animal. Passports are not issued for sheep, goats and pigs. Bovine passport is compulsory for each bovine animal and during the whole life of the animal it travels together with the animal.
Owners of cattle herds must fill in relevant forms after every event occurred to the animal (like insemination, transfer to a different location, etc.) and send the information to the regional centre where the data are entered and the information is sent to the Data Processing Centre once a week. Owners of pigs, sheep and goats herds must fill in relevant forms after each occasion that has taken place and send the information directly to the Data Processing Centre.
In the case animals are moved from pig herds they get another ear-tag with the animal’s new owner’s herd number. Any form sent to the Data Processing Centre must hold the owner’s signature. The owner is responsible for correct and duly sent information to the Data Processing Centre.
If animals (cattle, sheep, pigs, goats) are bought from other countries they must be registered in Latvia according to the rules existing in the country.
The herd owners in whose herd’s milk monitoring is being carried out shall receive control forms and reporting lists. All the cows and heifers of the herd, which are older than 24 months, must be indicated in the control forms. When taking milk samples for analysis, controller or the herd owner fills in the control list and sends it together with the milk samples to the specialists of the nearest Station of Genetic Improvement of Livestock and Artificial Insemination for processing.
According to EU directives 64/432/EEC and 97/12/EC regarding the computerized data base on animals (in Latvia at the Data Processing Center) the following information on the herds and the animals must be included into the database. Such a database is under construction:
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